Massage Therapy in the Treatment of Pain
Massage benefits by giving pain relief, reducing muscle tension, increasing circulation and improving joint mobility. Fibromyalgia patients have better sleep with massage and massaging helps prevent tension headaches by producing muscle relaxation.
Range of massaging techniques include:
- Cranio-sacral massage for finding and correcting cerebral and spinal imbalances.
- Deep tissue massage by slow strokes and deep finger pressure on the contracted areas following the grain of muscles tendons and fascia.
- Swedish massage is by long strokes, kneading and friction on superficial muscle layers.
- Effleurage is smooth gliding stroke used to relax soft tissue in Swedish massage.
- Friction is deep circular movement to soft tissue and the deepest of Swedish massage strokes.
- Petrissage is squeezing, rolling and kneading muscles.
- Myofascial release use long stretching strokes to release muscular tension.
- On site massage is done with client clothed and sitting in a chair to relax and improve circulation.
- Rosen method uses gentle touch and verbal communication.
- Reflexology is based around a system of points in the hands and feet thought to correspond to all areas of the body.
- Sport massage focuses on muscle system relevant to a particular sport.
- Shiatsu and acupressure treat special points along acupuncture meridians.
- Trigger point therapy uses concentrated finger pressure to trigger points.
- Tapotement is done with cupped hands, fingers or the edge of the hand delivering short alternating taps.